Key Findings

► New exploitation policies and assessment methods are being developed and launched.

► Increasing disclosure of grievances in supply chains by importers, but many of these indicate the majority of grievances are being raised by international NGO investigations.

► Assessment of supplier conformance with importer and trader commitments is limited.

► Different approaches are adopted in ensuring compliance with zero deforestation commitments

between internal and third-party suppliers.

► Acquisition and corporate ownership structures make single company assessments a challenge in determining improvement actions.

► Many producers/traders expect to miss their 2020 zero deforestation and exploitation targets.